The island was in the hands of the Cretans when the Ionians arrived in about 1.100 BC from mainland Greece. After initial defeats, the Ionians subjugated the island and destroyed the Cretan civilisation. However, archaeological discoveries have shown the extent to which Paros had developed during the Minoan period.
A little later, about 1.000 BC, a bunch of Arcadians under a leader known as Paros, arrived on the island. The influence of the Arcadians seem to have been strong enough for the former Cretan colony to change its name to Paros the name of the Arcadian leader.
The inter marriage of Arcadians and Ionians produced a lace which was both clever and active. They developed the island's agriculture and expanded on the neighbouring island of Antiparos, which was then called Oliaros.