Among the objects of the museum there is one that appears to be simply a piece of Parian marble, but is in fact a part of the Parian Chronicle, most of which is in Oxford. The Chronicle, which is one of the most important ancient relics, was found buried at the castle in Parikia and relates the most significant events in Athenian history from the period of Kekrops in 1,582 B.C. to the year 264 B.C. The Chronicle itself was made in 262 B.C.
Another find on marble is the biography of the poet Archilochus and near that a frieze of him, which had been built into the walls of Ekatontapiliani. All these make the museum a must to see spot for every visitor.